The success of any landscaping project is the choice of materials that will provide the desired look and usability. Here is the 5-step guide to stone paving installation.
Step 1: Prepare
Experiment with the project area by using graph paper. Determine the size and shape of the area and switch patterns to determine the style of your project. Once you have determined the shape and size of the project, you will then decide on some pavers you will need. You will need to estimate the footage space as well as add 5% or 10% if you have a border.
Step 2: Excavate
Decide on the finishing height of the pavement. Use any permanent structure as a reference for the project. Be sure to assess if the board is level as you continue regularly. Lay an adequate amount of crushed stone base along with sand and pavers. Once the site is excavated, add soil with a plate compactor to prepare the base surface.
Step 3: Lay Down the Base
Consider the type of soil and climate to determine the thickness of the base layer. Cold climates require solid bases while warm climates require a well-drained soil. Be sure to lay the base past the outline of the pavement so that it will extend past the restraints. Use a circular motion over the areas.
Step 4: Restrain and Set the Pavers
The restrictions have formed the base and pavers in place. Without it, the pavers will shift and cause the base to erode and dislocate. Restraints can pre-casted plastic or concrete, aluminum, or steel.
The sand is the last layer of the base that is used to interlock pavement use coarse sand rather than dust or limestone. Remove the pipes and fill in the groove with sand. Lay the pavers before you follow with screeding.
Step 5: Place the Pavers
Once the screeding is complete, layer the pavers in place. Use a guide for the pattern. Gently lay the pavers together in the desired pattern. Be sure to use whole pavers first before you use the cut pavers. After the pavers are set, use the plate compactor to vibrate as this will allow the pavers to set. Lastly, sweep the sand into the joints until all are full.
Follow these five easy steps to help you achieve an aesthetically pleasing stone paver. Be sure also to wear safety gear when in construction.